centos 安装 nginx php mysql

作者:freebeacon 分类: linux 发布于:2017-12-7 18:58 ė13次浏览 60条评论

首先先需要安装一些基础的依赖包gcc gcc-c++ pcre zlib openssl等

先安装编译器

yum install gcc gcc-c++

然后去官网wget下载pcre zlib openssl等,configure make & make install


一:安装nginx

下载nginx

wget https://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz

解压 tar xvf nginx-1.12.2.tar.gz

cd nginx-1.12.2

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx

make

make install

启动nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx


二:安装php

下载php

wget http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.6.32.tar.gz

解压 tar xvf php-5.6.32.tar.gz

cd php-5.6.32

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc --with-libdir=lib64 --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=php-fpm --with-fpm-group=www --enable-mysqlnd  --with-mysql=mysqlnd --with-mysqli=mysqlnd --with-pdo-mysql=mysqlnd --enable-opcache --enable-pcntl --enable-soap --enable-zip  --enable-calendar --enable-bcmath --enable-exif --enable-ftp --enable-intl --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-curl --with-gd  --with-zlib-dir=/usr/lib --with-png-dir=/usr/lib --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/lib --with-gettext --with-mhash --with-ldap

make

make install


安装的时候忘了配置php.ini的路径了,最好加上  --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc

php安装完成后把/usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default 复制到 /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

把源码中的php.ini-development复制到/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini



添加用户

useradd php-fpm

groupadd www

gpasswd -a php-fpm www


启动php-fpm

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm


三:安装mysql

下载mysql

wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm-bundle.tar

解压

tar xvf mysql-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm-bundle.tar -C mysql-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64

安装时按顺序,有依赖关系

rpm -ivh mysql-community-common-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 

rpm -ivh mysql-community-libs-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh mysql-community-client-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 

rpm -ivh mysql-community-server-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

rpm -ivh mysql-community-devel-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 

在安装这几个包期间,如果遇到冲突,就把已安装的包卸载掉。比如安装mysql-community-common-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm 与mariadb-libs冲突,先查看

$ rpm -qa | grep mariadb-libs

mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64

再卸载

$ rpm -e mariadb-libs-5.5.56-2.el7.x86_64

然后再安装mysql-community-common-5.7.20-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

安装完成后启动mysql

systemctl start mysqld.service

查看是否启动

netstat -ln | grep 3306


修改my.cnf配置文件

vim /etc/my.cnf   加上这几句

validate_password=off    #关闭密码验证,方便修改密码。似乎没啥用,修改密码时仍然需要输入密码
default-storage-engine=INNODB
character-set-server=utf8
collation-server=utf8_general_ci

重启mysql

systemctl restart mysqld.service

在mysql的错误日志中生成了一个临时密码 cat /var/log/mysqld.log | grep password

A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: d2nN>mQHgoiE

使用临时密码登陆数据库,修改mysql密码

mysql -uroot -p


mysql> set password=password('新密码');

mysql> flush privileges;

mysql安装完毕。

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